After CNA Training: Caring for Bed Bound Patients (Part One)

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When you begin working with patients after CNA training, you will quickly learn that each one is different. They all have different personalities and each one comes with their own problems and issues. As a CNA, it is your responsibility to make sure that no matter what, they are given the care they need.

This can be especially difficult when it comes to bed bound patients. These patients generally have illnesses or injuries that force them to stay in their beds and limit their activities. When this happens, the body tends to suffer; muscles will stiffen and contract, bed sores will form, skin will break down, and the lungs will become wetter. At times, blood clots can form and cause serious complications.

After CNA training, caring for bed bound patients may not be your easiest duty, but it is one that you have to do in order to provide patients with a longer and healthier life.

After CNA Training: Simple Steps to Improve Quality of Life

When caring for a bed bound patient after CNA training, here are some simple steps you can take to improve your patient’s quality of life.

  • Frequently change the position of your patient; most care plans require you to turn patients every hour or every two hours. Check the patient’s care plan for specific instructions. Turning patients on their backs, hips, or buttocks frequently will help relieve pressure on their skin and prevent pressure sores from developing.
  • Lift the head of the bed if possible when the patient is eating or taking medicine. This will help the patient breathe better and avoid problems like aspiration, which occurs when food, water, or other objects are breathed in instead of swallowed. You will learn more about aspiration and prevention tips during CNA training.
  • Use plenty of pillows after CNA training. Pillows should be positioned between a patient’s ankles and knees, and also be placed under their arms. When a patient is positioned on his or her side, pillows should be laid behind the back as well.
  • Draw sheets are essential tools for moving patients up, down, and over in the bed after CNA training. They prevent you from having to grab hold of the actual patient, which can result in bruising, scrapes, and sores because of thin skin. Make sure to always place the draw sheet under the hips and buttocks- never under the back. This will allow you to have more control over the patients movement after CNA training and will prevent injuries.
  • Check the patient’s skin at least two times a day. Be sure to analyze the buttocks, back, ears, elbows, and heels especially; these are the most common places that bed sores develop.
  • Elevate the foot of the bed slightly before leaving a patient’s room. This will prevent the patient from sliding down in the bed while you are away and make them much more comfortable.
  • Always straighten out the sheets in the bed after CNA training. Remember- wrinkles are the enemy! They can cause unwanted pressure and cause pressure sore development.

Come back tomorrow for more information on caring for a bed bound patient after CNA training.


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